Communion: The Covenant Meal — Lesson #12




Communion is a vital aspect of life within the with a great deal of formality, but having no real significance. It is an act through which we “remember the work of the Lord Jesus Christ” (I Corinthians 11:24-26).  Many have observed this act with little or no knowledge of its Scriptural significance. In this lesson, we will trace the history of the Covenant Meal and thus, show its importance to each believer.


The word means “act of sharing, communication, unity, concord, agreement,                       joint participation”.


A.   The Old Testament records that God gave Israel a command to observe three               feasts during the year. “The Passover” was the first feast of  the year. This feast   served as a reminder to Israel of their deliverance, by God, from Egyptian        bondage. The feast centered around the blood and body of a lamb.                                    (See Exodus 12).

B.   Jesus kept this same feast with His disciples on the eve of His                   Crucifixion.    (Matthew  26:26-28); (Mark 14:22-24); (Luke 22:17-20).


C.   Jesus transformed this last Passover Feast into the                                       “communion meal” which the church celebrates today.

D.   Jesus Christ’s body and blood was the fulfillment

of the Passover Lamb.

1.   Jesus is called the “Lamb of God” (John 1:29). 2.   Christ called “our Passover” (I Corinthians 5:7).

3.   Christ called the “lamb without spot or blemish (I Peter 1:19).

E.   Paul received a distinct revelation concerning the covenant meal.                                                (I Corinthians 11:23).

(3)    WHAT DO THE ELEMENTS OF COMMUNION REPRESENT? A.   The Bread                                                                                                                                     1.   Jesus’ body, which He allowed to be broken or us.                                                                             (Luke 22:19); (John 15:13)(I John 3:16); (Isaiah 53:4-6)


2.   The body of Christ as the Church Universal                                                                                                of which each believer is a part.

(I Corinthians 10:16-17); (I Corinthians 12:12-13)

3.   By partaking of the bread, we acknowledge participation in the

sacrifice of the cross (I Corinthians 10:18); (Galatians 2:20);

(Romans 6:6,11); (Galatians 5:24); (6:14); (Ephesians 2:16).


4.   Bread literally means “loaf“. A loaf is risen or leavened, bread.                                                         (a)   Leaven is a substance used to raise something.                                                                             (b)   Unleavened bread will never rise; it is tasteless; it has no life.                                                          (c)         The bread Jesus partook of was leavened bread (Young’s)  (Mark 14:22–                                     28); (Matthew 26:26-32). (d)   Jesus is referred to as the “Bread of Life”, able to give eternal life.                                                   (John 6:32-35); (48-51,53,58)

Only risen, or leavened, bread has life and taste. This is why we use                                     leavened bread when we partake of Communion. It represents the risen                  Christ and the life eternal we have through Him!

B.  The Wine                                                                                                                                                1.  Christ’s Blood                                                                                                                                               (a)   Of the New Covenant (Matthew 26:28); (Hebrew  9:11-14).                                                        (b)   Shed on behalf of many (Matthews 26:28); (20:28).

(c)    For forgiveness of sins                                                                                                                             (Matthew 26:28); (Hebrews 9:22);                                                                                                                 (Romans 5:9); (I John 1:7); (Ephesians 1:7).

2.   It can also be representative of the Holy Spirit, who gives us life:                                            (a)   The life of the body is in the blood (Leviticus 17:11,14).

(b)   When we drink the cup, we share in the blood of Christ.                                                                   (I Corinthians 10:16).

(c)   We are all made to drink of one spirit (I Corinthians 12:13).

3.   The blood has a voice (Genesis 4:10).

(a)   For the children of Israel, as they                                                                                                           smeared it on their doorposts, it brought                                                                                                them out of Egyptian bondage (Exodus 12:21-23).

(b)   For the believer today, it speaks of better things (Hebrews 12:24).  It                                             provides freedom from sin, sickness and disease.

(4)   As we partake of the cup in Communion, we drink a cup of blessing. (I Corinthians 10:16).


A.   As A Believer: Because it shows a sharing in the body and blood of the Lord, the                     communicant must have experientially received the atoning work of Christ in His                         Life (must be “born-again”).

B.   One must not partake in an unworthy manner, and must:                                                     1.   Examine (or prove) himself (I Corinthians 11:28).

2.   Properly discern what the supper represents and be living a life consistent                                        with what it represents (I Corinthians 11:29).

C.  Consequences of receiving unworthily:

1.   Guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord (I Corinthians 11:27).                            2.   Eats and drinks judgement upon himself (I Corinthians 11:29).                             3.   Will reap weakness and sickness (I Corinthians 11:30). 4.   Sleep (literally, “death”) (I Corinthians 11:30).

Communion is an outward sign that the communicant has, or is, appropriating into his life, that which the elements represent. By partaking in the Communion service, he is professing his association with the sacrifice of Christ. Therefore, he must be presently sharing in that sacrifice.

The communicant must:

1.   Be presenting his body as a “living sacrifice” (Romans 12:1).

2.   Die to self daily (I Corinthians 15:31); (Romans 8:36).

3.   “Lose” his life (Matthew 16:25).

4.   Suffer for the Gospel (II Timothy 1:8).



LESSON 12—study sheet


Answer these questions and be prepared to discuss this chapter in the next class.

1.   Communion is not intended to be a mere _____________________ exercised with a        great deal of formality, but having no real significance. It is an act through which  we       _______________________the work of the Lord Jesus Christ.  I Corinthians 11:24-26.

2.   Communion – The word means “act of sharing, communication, unity, concord,               agreement, joint ______________________________________________________.”

3.   The __________________ This feast served as a reminder to Israel of their                   _______________________, by God, from Egyptian bondage.

4.   Jesus Christ’s _________________________________________________________   was the fulfillment of the Passover Lamb.

5.   Only ________________________, or leavened bread has _____________________    and _________________________. This is why we use leavened bread when we               partake of Communion. It represents the risen _______________________________       and life      ____________________________  we have through Him.

6.   Matthew 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for  many for           the remission of ______________________________________________________ Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the _______________________ of the new covenant,          and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh  things than that of Able.

8.  I Corinthians 11:28-29 But let a man ___________________________ himself, and          so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that eateth and drinketh       unworthily, eateth and drinketh __________________ to himself, not _____________     the Lord’s body.

9.   Communion is an ________________________ sign that the communicant has, or is,

appropriating into his life, that which the elements represent.


About drgeorgewatkins

"That the Kingdom of God will rule ,with power, on earth as it rules in Heaven." My life time quest. G.W. BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION Rev. George Watkins pastored Christian Life World Outreach and Training Center in Mount Vernon, Washington for 29 years. He is director of George Watkins Ministries a.k.a. WORLDNet Ministries and has ministered through radio broadcasting, audio tape ministry, and a correspondence Bible course reaching into many countries of the world. Ministry teams have traveled with him to over twenty nations, working with local missionaries to establish churches, and conduct crusades and pastors’ seminars. George Watkins has authored several books: Women in Today’s Church, a scriptural insight into God’s intentions for both men and women to minister the Gospel of Jesus Christ; Five Key Secrets to Long Life and Divine Health concerning God’s supernatural protection and promises to those who obey Him; and Staying Free, a mini-book used as a guide to maintaining freedom once delivered from the bondages of satan; Ask The Boy: stories through the eyes of those who were healed by the hands of Jesus. The Wisest Man I Have Ever Known: stories and parables teaching the truths of God’s word, as well as other teaching manuals. George Watkins has been active in the ministry for many years. He has a strong ministry to the local church as a seasoned veteran with his rich background as a pastor and evangelist. Many churches draw from his experience and consider him to be an integral part of their own ministries. His ministry is a blend of humor and straight forward teaching based on the belief that God means what He says, that His Word applies to our everyday, practical lives, and that it has power to make us whole in mind, body and soul. Rev. Watkins believes that the gifts of the Holy Spirit are to be used by every believer. He believes that using these spiritual tools will bring freedom to those in bondage. Rev. Watkins believes this is the age of the supernatural and will prove to be the Church’s finest hour. His vision is to equip the Body of Christ to fulfill the Great Commission, making disciples of all nations. He has a unique ability to challenge the hearer to “sell out” to God, by faith, to fulfill God’s personal plan for your destiny. George and Arlis live in Mount Vernon, WA and are the parents of three adult children: Tony, Tiffany and Corbin.
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